Why Do I Have Stomach Pain Immediately After Eating?

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Author Name: Mia Barnes
Date: Tuesday May 28, 2019

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Few things can derail an entire day, or even longer, like a bad tummy ache. For most people, food is associated with pleasurable emotions. That makes evolutionary sense even though, with today’s sedentary lifestyles, consuming too much can lead to adverse health effects. But what about those who frequently experience stomach pain immediately after eating?

Stomach pains after eating can stem from numerous causes. At times, the underlying cause of such pain comes from little more than eating the wrong thing or rushing to squeeze in a meal on busy days. However, stomach pain can also indicate a more serious problem, and shunning solid food due to discomfort can further complicate matters.

Possible Causes of Stomach Pain Immediately After Eating

Many people who experience pain after eating think of food poisoning as a possible cause. While it isn’t impossible for food poisoning to strike immediately after eating, the most common bugs responsible need hours or even days to develop.

The key to keep in mind with food poisoning is this: like lightning, it seldom strikes twice, as the body’s immune system develops defenses against the germ responsible. Recurrent stomach pain likely stems from a different cause.

Once food poisoning is ruled out as a cause, what other conditions can result in stomach pain immediately after eating? I hesitate to say stress is a less-serious cause, as long-term stress leads to a host of unpleasant adverse health outcomes. Still, it’s normal to have stomach butterflies — even ones severe enough to lead to vomiting — before giving a big work presentation, especially for those suffering from anxiety disorders.

While it’s far from uncommon for busy people with hectic lives to miss an occasional meal, going without solid food for extended periods can cause abdominal distress when people reintroduce such foods into their diets. However, sometimes prolonged liquid fasting becomes necessary for medical reasons, such as when undergoing testing for food allergies. Gradually return to normal eating patterns by introducing small amounts of soft foods like mashed potatoes first, and then gradually return to other solids.

Certain autoimmune diseases can lead to stomach pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea after eating. Both Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis (UC) cause the body’s immune system to attack its own digestive organs. Crohn’s disease can affect any part of the digestive tract while UC remains in the colon, but with either disorder, eating certain foods can trigger flares.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) causes symptoms similar to UC or Crohn’s, only without the ulceration seen in those diseases. In addition to nausea and diarrhea, IBS can cause bloating and gas. The causes of IBS remain unclear, although research suggests stress may play a role in developing the disorder.

Celiac disease results from an inability of the digestive system to process gluten, a wheat protein found in many foods today. Doctors can test for gluten sensitivity using blood screens, although they may also perform an abdominal endoscopy to confirm the diagnosis. Fortunately, treatment for celiac disease only involves abstaining from wheat products, though many with the disorder still can enjoy pasta made from ancient grains, such as quinoa and pizza crusts made with cauliflower, not wheat, flour.

Occasionally, stomach pain, especially when experienced immediately after eating, indicates a condition requiring immediate treatment. For example, appendicitis causes lack of appetite as well as abdominal distress, and if surgery to remove the organ is delayed, death may result. Stomach pain deserves a trip to the ER to rule out this possibility.

Even when appendicitis is not present, early detection can improve the chances of surviving diseases like stomach cancer. Stomach cancer rarely causes symptoms until the disease has spread. Approximately two-thirds of those diagnosed while the disease remains localized survive, but the prognosis for those who discover it only after the condition has spread to other organs face worse odds.

Treating Tummy Trouble

The treatment for stomach pain depends on the condition causing it. Those with anxiety disorders who endure abdominal discomfort as a result can benefit from talk therapy and/or medication to cope. Practicing stress management techniques such as deep breathing and yoga can likewise calm a nervous stomach.

Those with autoimmune diseases have several treatment options. Biologic medications show great promise in treating these disorders, although patients may need to undergo regular infusions from a medical practitioner. As newer biologic drugs receive FDA approval, fewer patients will need to brave the needle to get relief.

Learning to refrain from all wheat products takes time for many recently diagnosed with celiac disease, given how prevalent wheat flour is in many processed foods. Reading labels carefully to identify gluten is a must. Fortunately, many food producers have introduced gluten-free versions of old favorites.

Those who notice they experience pain only after consuming certain foods can try an elimination diet to unearth the culprit. Once they’ve identified the trigger food, cutting the allergen from the diet solves the problem.

No More Missed Days Due to Abdominal Distress

Digestive disorders cause many people to call in sick, and stomach pain immediately after eating can cause concern. Once the underlying reason for tummy trouble is unearthed, leading a healthier and more productive life becomes possible.

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